Below is a partial proton spectrum of menthol in CDCl3. The bottom trace is the spectrum before the addition of D2O and the top trace after 1 drop of D2O was shaken with the sample. The -OH peak has clearly disappeared.
Wednesday, October 3, 2007
Proton NMR Assignment Tools - The D2O Shake
You can identify exchangeable protons in your proton NMR spectrum with a very simple technique called a "D2O shake". For some reason this simple technique, used frequently years ago, seems to be used so much less today. All you do is run a 1H NMR spectrum of your sample then put a single drop of D2O in the tube, shake it, and run another spectrum. The exchangeable protons will exchange with the deuterium in the D2O and disappear from the spectrum. The D2O does not have to be miscible with the solvent.